4 I saw thrones, and they [saints] sat on them … They lived and reigned with Christ for 1000 years …6 They shall reign with Him 1000 years. (Rev. 20:4-6)
At this time the kingdom of God will be openly manifest worldwide affecting every sphere of life (political, social, agricultural, economic, spiritual, educational, law enforcement, family, media, arts, technology, athletics, environment, social institutions, etc.). The result will be a 1,000-year period of unprecedented blessing for the whole earth as Jesus establishes righteousness and prosperity, and restores the agriculture, atmosphere, and animal life to some of the conditions that were seen in the garden of Eden (Rev. 20:1-6; Isa. 2:1-4; 9:6-9; 11:1-16; 51:1-8; 60-62; 65:17-25; Ps. 2:6-12; 110:1-7; Deut. 8; 28; Mt. 5:5; 6:10; 17:11; 19:28; 28:19; Acts 1:6; 3:21). This period of blessing will be initiated by Jesus’ second coming.
Jesus as King of kings will personally govern a worldwide kingdom from Jerusalem.
17 Jerusalem shall be called the Throne of the LORD, and all the nations shall be gathered to it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem. (Jer. 3:17)
Jesus will rule in partnership with resurrected saints (Rev. 2:26-27; 3:21; 5:10; 20:4-6; 22:5; Mt. 19:28; 20:21-23; 25:23; Lk. 19:17-19; 22:29-30; 1 Cor. 6:2-3; 2 Tim. 2:12; Rom. 8:17).
The millennial kingdom is one of the major revelations of Scripture. Jesus’ core message was that God’s kingdom was being released in a new measure on earth. The NT makes it clear the kingdom is already here (in a limited expression), but is not yet fully here until Jesus returns.
10 Your kingdom come. Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. (Mt. 6:10)
Daniel saw the heavenly coronation of Jesus as King over all dominions or spheres of society.
13 One like the Son of Man [Jesus] … came to the Ancient of Days [Father] … 14 To Him [Jesus] was given … a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him … 27 His kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve Him. (Dan. 7:13-14, 27)
7. Jesus quoted Daniel 7:27 concerning His rule over all the nations and dominions of the earth. In the Millennium, all the kings of the earth will be saved and worship Jesus (Ps. 72:11; 102:15; 138:4; 148:11; Isa. 62:2; Rev. 21:24) and base their national governments on God’s Word.
31 When the Son of Man comes in His glory … then He will sit on the Throne of His glory. 32 All the nations will be gathered before Him… (Mt. 25:31-32)
11 All kings shall fall down before Him; all nations shall serve Him. (Ps. 72:11)
Centerpiece of God’s Purpose: Bringing Heaven and Earth Together
9 Having made known to us the mystery [hidden plan] of His will … 10 that He might gather together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and which are on earth, in Him. (Eph. 1:9-10)
The centerpiece of God’s eternal purpose is for Jesus to come back to establish His kingdom over all the earth as He joins the heavenly and earthly realms together. God’s purpose has always been for His people to live together with Him in this way forever. This is the interpretive key to understanding the end times. Without this foundational revelation, confusion is inevitable.
3 Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them… (Rev. 21:3)
God created the universe in two distinct realms. Heaven speaks of the spiritual realm where God’s power and presence is openly manifest. Earth speaks of the physical realm where human process, emotions, and physical sensation reach their fullest expression.
Heaven is the place believers have gone for the last 2,000 years (from the cross to the second coming) as a “temporary holding place” before receiving a resurrected body. The saints do not need a resurrected body in heaven to relate to its spiritual environment.
We see aspects of the natural and the supernatural dimensions operating together when Jesus appeared with His resurrected body to teach the apostles for forty days (Jn. 20-21; Acts 1:3).
Ancient Greek philosophy (Platonism) viewed the spirit realm as good and the material realm as bad. This philosophy continues in the Church today. It leads some to think wrongly about heaven on earth. If we do not think rightly of heaven on earth, we end up not thinking of heaven at all.
In the Millennium, Jesus’ primary mandate is to prepare the earth for the Father’s coming by bringing the nations to mature righteousness (1 Cor. 15:24-28). Righteousness will be substantial in the Millennium then perfect afterwards on the new earth. The earth will be purged with fire at the end of the Millennium to fully prepare it for the Father (2 Pet. 3:10-13; Rev. 20:11).
Three Types of People are on Earth When Jesus Appears in the Sky
The redeemed will be raptured at the time of Jesus’ worldwide procession across the sky.
The reprobate who took the mark of the Beast will be judged and then killed (some executed). At this time, there may be 1-3 billion of these people still alive. They will not just disappear.
The resisters are the unsaved survivors of the Tribulation who refused to worship the Antichrist. These resisters will stand against evil governments without regard to having faith in God. Similarly, in World War II, the French Resistance fought the Nazis. Scripture refers to “those who are left.” They can be saved, then populate the millennial earth (Isa. 4:3; 10:20; 11:11; 49:6; 65:8; 66:19; Jer. 31:2; Ezek. 20:38-42; 36:36; Amos 9:9-10; Joel 2:32; Zech. 12:14; 13:8; 14:16).
Get the Right Perspective About the Millennium
Jesus will rule the earth with the natural human processes not suspended, yet significantly enhanced by the supernatural dimension of the Spirit.
As Gentile believers, our most natural paradigm is to think of worshiping Jesus as God in the supernatural conditions of heaven. We emphasize Jesus’ deity as the Son of God. Whereas, the Jewish paradigm speaks of reigning with the Messianic King as a man in the natural conditions of the earth. They emphasize the Messiah’s humanity as the Son of David. The full truth is only seen when these two paradigms are brought together.
Heavenly Jerusalem and Earthly Jerusalem Brought Together
When the New Jerusalem comes to earth, then heaven is literally on earth. Heaven and earth come together as the New Jerusalem descends to the millennial Jerusalem. The New Jerusalem is the place where resurrected saints will live. The earth will continue forever (Ps. 37:29; 78:69; 104:5; 105:10-11; 125:1-2; 1 Chr. 23:25; 28:8; Isa. 60:21; Ezek. 37:25; Joel 3:20).
12 The New Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God. (Rev. 3:12)
The New Jerusalem will descend and connect to earthly Jerusalem, creating a vast “governmental complex” (Ps. 48:1-5). It is referred to as Jesus’ throne of glory (Mt. 19:28; 25:31).
2 The joy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion … the city of the great King … 4 Kings assembled, they passed by … 5 They saw it … they marveled; they were troubled, they hastened away. (Ps. 48:2-5)
There are four reasons that we believe the New Jerusalem is close to millennial Jerusalem and accessible to it, yet without being on it. First, the dimensions of the New Jerusalem prohibit it from being physically on earth: millennial Jerusalem is about 10 square miles (Ezek. 48:30-35), whereas the New Jerusalem is 1,380 square miles (Rev. 21:16). However, Scripture shows that the people on earth are able to access the New Jerusalem. Second, the kings of the earth come into the New Jerusalem during the Millennium (Rev. 21:24-26). Third, the healing leaves in the New Jerusalem are for the millennial nations that need healing (Rev. 22:2). Fourth, angels guard the entrance to the New Jerusalem to keep sinners out as in Gen. 3:22-24 (Rev. 21:12). Note: Ten miles = 4,500 rods x 4,500 rods (a rod is approx. 10.5 feet; Ezek. 48:30-35; 45:6; 48:15-19).
The Natural Processes of Life Continues on Earth for 1,000 Years
A. Jesus will rule the millennial earth that will have both natural and supernatural dimensions. The length of life will be restored to what it was in Noah’s time. Those who live to be only 100 will be thought to have lived a short life. It will be common for people to live to be 500 years old. 20 No more shall an infant from there live but a few days, nor an old man who has not fulfilled his days; for the child shall die 100 years old … 21 They shall build houses and inhabit them; they shall plant vineyards 22 … For as the days of a tree, so shall be the days of My people … 25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, the lion shall eat straw like the ox… (Isa. 65:20-25)
B. Animosity between animals with each other and with humans will be removed (Rom. 8:20-21). 6 The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb … the calf and the young lion and the fatling
together; and a little child shall lead them. 7 The cow and the bear shall graze; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. 8 The nursing child shall
play by the cobra’s hole … 9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain, for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea. (Isa. 11:6-9)
C. The natural processes of life will continue in establishing the infrastructure for every sphere of life in every city and village throughout the earth. This infrastructure will include replacing the governmental leaders from the Antichrist’s worldwide government with new people at every level of public life in every city. This infrastructure will include life support systems (food, water, electricity), building projects (buildings, highways, bridges, etc.), economic systems (currencies, banking, investments, etc.), spiritual life (worship centers, Bible schools, etc.), education (from elementary to university levels), law enforcement; agriculture (equipment, distribution), media and arts, technology, environment, social institutions, etc.
D. Jesus’ government will progressively spread to all nations (Isa. 9:7). It will take 1,000 years for righteousness to progressively spread, mature, and be tested in every area of every nation.
The Saints Will Rule with Jesus as Kings and Priests
The two functions most emphasized for the saints are priests and kings (Rev. 1:6; 5:10; 20:6).
10 Have made us kings and priests to our God … we shall reign on the earth. (Rev. 5:10)
As priests, resurrected saints will worship, intercede, and communicate the knowledge of God to others (non-resurrected people on the millennial earth plus the saints in the New Jerusalem). The primary government of the millennial earth will come forth from continual intercession.
As kings, resurrected saints will evaluate the past, determine future action plans, and appoint people who serve in the infrastructure under their authority. This will include training and managing the people they appoint. Our personality will come forth in the decisions we make.
2 Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? … the world will be judged by you … 3 Do you not know that we shall judge [evaluate] angels? (1 Cor. 6:2-3)
The saints will occupy the highest position of government in the Spirit on the millennial earth. This will be parallel to the relationship of angels in the government of the nations in this age. Saints in the Millennium will rule the angels who now serve them (1 Cor. 6:3; Heb. 1:14).
Governmental authority in the spirit is now carried out by angels who have charge over cities.
1 Then He called out … “Let those [angels] who have charge over the city draw near, each with a deadly weapon in his hand.” 2 Suddenly six men [angels] came from the direction … which faces north, each with his battle-ax in his hand. (Ezek. 9:1-2)
Jesus Will be the King Over All Other Kings in the Millennium
16 He has … a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS. (Rev. 19:16)
In the Millennium, all the kings of the earth will be saved, worship Jesus, and base their national governments on the Scripture (Ps. 72:11; 102:15; 138:4; 148:11; Isa. 62:2; Rev. 21:24).
11 Yes, all kings shall fall down before Him; all nations shall serve Him. (Ps. 72:11)
Jesus will rule a worldwide kingdom in partnership with two types of kings: kings of the earth (non-resurrected bodies) and resurrected kings (saints with resurrected bodies). Together they will establish a godly social order that will transform every sphere of life in the Millennium.
5 Jesus Christ, the faithful witness … ruler over the kings of the earth [non-resurrected bodies]. To Him who loved us … 6 and made us [resurrected saints] kings and priests to God.
Jesus reigns now at God’s right hand over the kings of the earth. Currently, His leadership over the kings of the earth is restrained. However, in the Millennium it will be fully manifest.
Saints with resurrected bodies will be made kings and/or rulers over different spheres of life (Mt. 19:28; 20:21-23; 25:23; Lk. 19:17-19; 22:29-30; 1 Cor. 6:2-3; 2 Tim. 2:12; Rom. 8:17).
10 Have made us kings and priests to our God; and we shall reign on the earth. (Rev. 5:10)
The Resurrected Saints in Partnership with the Kings of the Earth
Jesus will establish infrastructure in partnership with resurrected saints who will oversee those with non-resurrected bodies. The saints (resurrected) will have a dynamic role in training “resisters” (with non-resurrected bodies) who become born again after Jesus’ return to earth.
The necessary infrastructure to govern each sphere of life will gradually increase in capacity, quality, and size as the leaders grow in wisdom and skill development.
7 Of the increase of His government and peace there will be no end, upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, to order it and establish it with judgment and justice from that time forward, even forever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this. (Isa. 9:7)
The saints, as well as leaders with non-resurrected bodies, will need to learn and then apply what they learned. Jesus, with His saints, will be involved in training the non-resurrected leaders of the nations in God’s ways. As wisdom is gained and applied, society will progressively improve.
Together they will establish training institutions that all nations may systematically learn Jesus’ ways (political, economic, spiritual, educational, agricultural, family, media, technology, etc.).
3 Many people shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the House of the God of Jacob; He [Jesus] will teach us His ways, and we shall walk in His paths.” Out of Zion shall go forth the law … the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. (Isa. 2:3)
Those who reign with Jesus will be involved in this process of healing the millennial nations.
2 Tree of life … the leaves of the Tree were for the healing of the nations. (Rev. 22:2)
The resurrected saints in partnership with the kings of the earth will work together to fully restore the cities of the earth that are destroyed in the Tribulation. The saints will oversee what is rebuilt by labor (Isa. 62:8-9; 65:21-23; Jer. 31:5; Ezek. 48:18-19).
4 They shall repair the ruined cities, the desolations of many generations. (Isa. 61:4)
36 Then the nations which are left all around you shall know that I, the LORD, have rebuilt the ruined places and planted what was desolate. (Ezek. 36:36)
The resurrected saints in partnership with the leaders of earth will bring the gospel to those needing salvation. The lost will not be instantly and automatically converted at the moment of the second coming, neither will the children born in the Millennium. It will take time and effort to convert individuals and then to disciple nations.
18 I will gather all nations … and they shall come and see My glory 19 … Among them who escape I will send to the nations … who have not heard My fame nor seen My glory. And they shall declare My glory among the Gentiles. 20 Then they shall bring all your brethren for an offering to the LORD out of all nations … says the LORD. (Isa. 66:18-20)
The resurrected saints with the kings of the earth will work together to re-establish businesses to generate financial resources (Isa. 60:1-14). Israel will be prosperous in the Millennium (Isa. 4:1; 35:1-2; 30:23-25; 62:8-9; 60:1-14; 65:21-23).
The saints will oversee the work necessary to restore God’s order to the agriculture, atmosphere, and animal life (Rev. 20:1-6; Isa. 2:1-4; 9:6-9; 11:1-16; 51:1-8; 60-62; 65:17-25; Ps. 2:6-12; 110:1-7; Deut. 8; 28; Mt. 5:5; 6:10; 17:11; 19:28; 28:19; Acts 1:6; 3:21).
The saints will oversee the work required to restore justice over all spheres of life (Isa. 9:7; 11:3-5; 10:22; 28:17; 32:16; 42:1-4). They will oversee the establishing of judges and governors (Jer. 30:21; Isa. 24:23, 32:1; Ezek. 45:8-9; Mt. 19:28; Lk. 19:12-27; 22:30). They will oversee the establishment of a world government under Jesus (Zech. 14:9; Ezek. 37:13-28, Rev. 19:16).
1 A King [Jesus] will reign in righteousness, and princes will rule with justice. (Isa. 32:1)
8 My princes [in the Millennium] shall no more oppress My people… (Ezek. 45:8)
In the millennial kingdom, sin will be committed by those with non-resurrected bodies and, therefore, sin will be punished. Sin and even false prophets will continue in the Millennium. They will be punished (Ps. 2:9, 72:9-11; Isa. 11:4; 66:20, 24; Zech. 13:2-4; 14:16-19).
3 It shall come to pass that if anyone still prophesies, then his father and mother … will say to him, “You shall not live, because you have spoken lies in the name of the LORD.” (Zech. 13:3)