Israel’s Victory in the Millennial Kingdom (Joel 3:17-21)

You shall know that I am the LORD your God, dwelling in Zion My holy mountain. Then Jerusalem shall be holy, and no aliens shall ever pass through her again. 18 And it will come to pass in that day that the mountains shall drip with new wine, the hills shall flow with milk, and all the brooks of Judah shall be flooded with water; a fountain shall flow from the house of the LORD and water the Valley of Acacias. 19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom a desolate wilderness, because of violence against the people of Judah, for they have shed innocent blood in their land. 20 But Judah shall abide forever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. 21 “For I will acquit them of the guilt of bloodshed, whom I had not acquitted; for the LORD dwells in Zion.” (Joel 3:17-21)

Israel’s Intimacy with the God Who Will Live Among Them

You shall know that I am the LORD your God, dwelling in Zion My holy mountain. Then Jerusalem shall be holy, and no aliens shall ever pass through her again. (Joel 3:17)

In Joel 2:27, Joel quoted God’s promise to Moses that Israel would know God. This was spoken to Moses in context to God delivering Israel from her oppressors by releasing ten plagues of judgment on the Egyptians. Joel is quoting this promise for the second time. God wants Israel to know His heart and to experience intimacy with Him as He delivers her in the end times.
I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. (Ex. 6:7)

Jesus will literally live or dwell in Zion—Jerusalem—in the Millennium with the Israelites. Joel emphasized this again in Joel 3:21. This is the greatest privilege that God could give Israel. After the Armageddon campaign, Jesus will win Jerusalem back from the Antichrist and make it a city devoted to God’s plan. Jesus will rule the earth from Zion during the Millennium.

Jerusalem will be holy. This includes the city being filled with holy people as well as being seen as a holy or sacred place because it will be especially set apart for God’s presence.

No alien armies will ever pass through Jerusalem again in military conflict. Zechariah made this same point. This is not referring to Gentiles passing through Jerusalem as worshipers, which will be very common in the Millennium (Isa. 2:1-4; Zech. 14:16-18; Ps. 48:2-5).

In that day there shall no longer be a Canaanite in the house of the LORD … (Zech. 14:21)

Gentiles will visit Jerusalem in the Millennium to worship, but without military conflict.

It shall be that whichever of the families of the earth [Gentiles] do not come up to Jerusalem to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, on them there will be no rain. (Zech 14:17)

The LORD’s house shall be established … and all nations shall flow to it. 3 Many people shall come … out of Zion shall go forth the law, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. (Isa. 2:2-3)

Israel’s Full Millennial Blessings

And it will come to pass in that day that the mountains shall drip with new wine, the hills shall flow with milk, and all the brooks of Judah shall be flooded with water; a fountain shall flow from the house of the LORD and water the Valley of Acacias. (Joel 3:18)

Joel saw supernatural prosperity in Isaiah’s agriculture and livestock, as he did in Joel 2:21-27. This great blessing will occur because Jesus will personally live in the land. The mountains will have an exceptionally large grape harvest. Joel says they will drip with new wine. This means that the production of new wine will be abundant throughout Israel. Joel makes the same point when he says that the hills shall flow with milk. In other words, milk-producing animals such as cattle and sheep will multiply and feed on the luxuriant pastures in the hills of Israel. They will produce such unusually large quantities of milk that the hills are said to be flowing with milk.

Amos also prophesied of the abundant grape harvest in the millennial kingdom.

“Behold, the days are coming,” says the LORD, “When … the mountains shall drip with sweet wine, and all the hills shall flow with it.” (Amos 9:13)

The Millennium will be the time when there will be great abundance of wine and milk. This is when Israel will enjoy the ultimate fulfillment of God’s promise that they would live in a land flowing with milk and honey.

Bless Your people Israel and the land which You have given us, just as You swore to our fathers, “a land flowing with milk and honey.” (Deut 26:15)

Joel prophesied that the brooks of Judah would be flooded with water (Joel 3:18). This will be a contrast to the brooks throughout Israel’s history which have often been empty due to drought.

In the Tribulation, the water supply will be diminished by drought and defiled by poison and blood (Rev. 8:7-9; 16:4) and the two witnesses can turn water to blood (Rev. 11:6). These [two witnesses] have power to shut heaven, so that no rain falls in the days of their prophecy [3½years ]; and they have power over waters to turn them to blood… (Rev. 11:6)

The third angel sounded: and a great star … fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water. 11 … and many men died from the water, because it was made bitter. (Rev. 8:10-11) The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers … and they became blood. (Rev. 16:4)

There will be blood flowing throughout the land of Israel which will defile the agriculture. Blood … up to the horses’ bridles, for 1,600 furlongs [184 miles across Israel]. (Rev. 14:20)

Fire will damage the agriculture as it is thrown to the earth from heaven (Rev. 8:5), burns the trees (Rev. 8:7), and kills multitudes (Rev. 9:18). In Israel, the two witnesses will call fire on their enemies (Rev. 11:5-6). The sun will scorch men and agriculture with fire (Rev. 16:8; 7:16).

Jesus will correct these problems in Israel’s defiled water supply after He returns and heals the land. He will provide Israel with an abundant rainfall so that the brooks are described as flooded with fresh water. This will enrich the ground and cause the vegetation to be healed and blessed.

Joel prophesied that a fountain of water would flow from the house of the Lord (the Jerusalem temple) that would water the Valley of Acacias (Joel 3:18). This water will cause the acacia trees to flourish. The Valley of Acacias probably refers to the acacia trees in the Kidron Valley.

Zechariah prophesied that a river of “living water” would flow out from the temple to the Dead Sea. The “living water” speaks of water that is powerful enough to heal the defiled land from the effects of the fire, blood, and poisoned water supply that killed the agriculture.

In that day it shall be that living waters shall flow from Jerusalem, half of them toward the eastern sea [Dead Sea] and half of them toward the western sea [Mediterranean Sea]; in both summer and winter it shall occur. (Zech. 14:8)

There was water flowing, from under the threshold of the temple [in millennial Jerusalem] toward the east … 8 Then he [ange]) said to me: “This water flows toward the eastern region, goes down into the valley, and enters the sea [Dead Sea]. When it reaches the sea, its waters are healed. 9 And it shall be that every living thing that moves, wherever the rivers go, will live. There will be a very great multitude of fish, because these waters go there; for they will be healed, and everything will live wherever the river goes … 12 Along the bank of the river, on this side and that, will grow all kinds of trees used for food; their leaves will not wither, and their fruit will not fail. They will bear fruit every month, because their water flows from the sanctuary. Their fruit will be for food, and their leaves for medicine.” (Ezek. 47:1-12)

There is a river whose streams shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacle of the Most High. 5 God is in the midst of her, she shall not be moved. (Ps 46:4-5)

God Judges Israel’s Past Enemies (Egypt and Edom)

Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom a desolate wilderness, because of violence against the people of Judah, for they have shed innocent blood in their land … 21 For I will acquit them of the guilt of bloodshed, whom I had not acquitted… (Joel 3:19-21)

Two of Israel’s most fierce and long-term enemies are Egypt and Edom (modern-day Jordan). The agriculture of Egypt and Edom will become desolate and parched. According to Isaiah, parts of Egypt will be blessed by God (Isa. 19:20-25), yet according to Joel parts will be desolate.

This judgment on Egypt and Edom will happen because they shed the innocent blood of Israelites throughout their history and will probably do it much more in the Great Tribulation.

God will pay back the nations for bloodguilt, which speaks of taking the blood of innocent people by murder or war, etc. God will avenge the innocent blood of the Jews. In Joel’s last prophetic utterance, he emphasized that God would not forget to pay back the unrepentant enemies of Israel. Jesus will see to this from His throne in nearby Jerusalem.

The Egyptians and Edomites will become prototypes of God’s judgment for the other nations that sinned against Israel. They will serve as a witness to all the nations in the Millennium that all nations must obey Jesus’ government in Jerusalem.

If the family of Egypt will not come up and enter in, they shall have no rain; they shall receive the plague with which the LORD strikes the nations who do not come up to keep the Feast of Tabernacles. (Zech 14:18)

Israel Will be Blessed in Contrast to Egypt and Edom

But Judah shall abide forever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. 21 … for the LORD dwells in Zion. (Joel 3:21)

Israel’s history is filled with God’s judgment and military conflict. Joel assures them that they will survive history and prosper forever in God’s favor. This will be a very important prophecy to proclaim to Israel in the Tribulation when Satan and the Antichrist will seek to annihilate Israel (Rev. 12). Judah’s eternal existence as a blessed nation implies that they will always obey Jesus, thus, removing her reasons for being judged and annihilated like other nations will be. The final fulfillment of this promise is to be seen in the new earth (Rev. 21:1).

Jesus living in Jerusalem (Zion) is the ultimate vindication and privilege for Israel.




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