It shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. 29 And also on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days. 30 And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke. 31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the LORD. 32 And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, as the LORD has said, among the remnant whom the LORD calls. (Joel 2:28-32)
The Promise of an outpouring of the Spirit
It shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh… (Joel 2:28)
Jesus promised that if His disciples tarried in prayer, the Spirit would endue them with power.
Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high. (Lk. 24:49)
You shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you… (Acts 1:8)
In Acts 1-2, the disciples followed the pattern described by Joel as they sought the promise given by Jesus. Thus, they gathered to pray in the upper room. After ten days, on the Feast of Pentecost the Spirit came on them with power (Acts 1:14-2:4). They were probably expecting the Joel 2:28 breakthrough of the Spirit at that time, since Jesus had recently promised it (Lk. 24:49). Peter explained this visitation of the Spirit as being that which was prophesied by Joel (Acts 2:16).
They went up into the upper room where they were staying … 14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication … 2:1 Now when the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. 2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. 3 Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues… (Acts 1:13-2:4)
Peter … said to them, “Men of Judea … let this be known to you … 15 these are not drunk, as you suppose … 16 but this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel.” (Acts 2:14-16)
These ten days of prayer occurred in a strategic, prophetic timing. It was preceded first by the death and resurrection of Jesus and by a dynamic prayer history that included Israel’s greatest intercessors. Jesus and John the Baptist had prayed fervently for God’s blessing to be released as did Anna who prayed for sixty years (Lk. 2:37). In other words, the apostles stepped into a dynamic history of prayer that had been in developed before that Feast of Pentecost had come.
What did Peter mean when he said this is what was spoken of by Joel? What did Joel speak of? Yes, he emphasized the fact that God would pour out the Spirit, but he also emphasized the conditions in which it would occur. Both are a part of the pattern seen in Joel 2. Peter was referring to the whole context of Joel 2, not just the end result of it. Thus, Peter was teaching us not only about the release of the Holy Spirit, but how we are to seek for it.
The Joel 2:12-15 pattern of corporate prayer with fasting has been followed throughout church history resulting in many great revivals. In our day, we must also follow the Joel 2:12-15 pattern. The greatest revival is yet to come, surpassing what the church experienced in the book of Acts.
The Church today must see the importance of gathering in corporate intercessory worship until God releases the fullness of His blessing. We have a rich history of prayer behind us—one that has continued from Moses, David, and Daniel, and then Jesus, Anna, and Paul, continuing through all Church history. The bowls of intercession in heaven are surely filling up (Rev. 5:8).
The Down Payments of Joel’s Prophecy Occurred at Pentecost
I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and daughters shall prophesy… (Joel 2:28)
God’s promise to pour out His Spirit is the most well-known passage in the Book of Joel. Just prior to this point in his prophecy, Joel emphasized the agricultural blessings that God would release on Israel because of His zeal and pity, or compassion (Joel 2:18-27). Now Joel speaks of the coming spiritual blessing to renew the people (Joel 2:28-32).
The promise of the outpouring of the Spirit that Joel prophesied was not completely fulfilled in Peter’s generation. This is evidenced by significant differences between Joel 2 and Acts 2. The fullness of what Joel prophesied has still not yet happened. Only a portion of it was fulfilled in Peter’s day. Joel said that the sun and the moon would grow dark and signs such as blood and smoke would be seen. The early church did not see these signs.
Joel prophesied that there would be a great outpouring of the Spirit on all flesh, on all nations worldwide. In Acts 2, the Spirit only rested on 120 local Jewish believers in Jerusalem, and then on the three thousand who were saved that day. The fullness of Joel’s prophecy requires a global dimension. Peter knew he was only experiencing the first fruits of Joel’s prophecy. The full expression of it would not happen until Jesus returned to reign in Jerusalem. (Joel 3:16-21).
The LORD will … utter His voice from Jerusalem; the heavens and earth will shake … 17 You shall know I am the LORD … dwelling in Zion … Jerusalem shall be holy… (Joel 3:16-17)
Peter understood that only in the Millennium would Joel’s prophecy be completely fulfilled when Jesus returned to lead the time of the restoration of all things.
Repent … that your sins may be blotted out, so that times of refreshing may come from the presence of the Lord, 20 and that He may send Jesus Christ … 21 whom heaven must receive [retain] until the times of restoration of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began. (Acts 3:19-21)
The Timing of Joel’s Prophesied Outpouring of the Spirit
Peter said that the outpouring of the Spirit would happen in the last days (Acts 2:17). The New Testament writers used the phrase “in the last days” on five occasions and in two different ways. In Acts 2:17 and Hebrews 1:2 they refer to the last days as beginning in the generation of the book of Acts. However, in 2 Timothy 3:1 and 2 Peter 3:3 they refer to the last days as the generation that the Lord returns. James 5:3 could be used in either way. We know that the last days began on the day of Pentecost two thousand years ago and will culminate at the second coming of Jesus. This narrows down the time frame of Joel’s prophecy.
Peter … said to them, “Men of Judea … 15 these are not drunk, as you suppose … 16 But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel: 17 ‘It shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that I will pour out of My Spirit…’” (Acts 2:14-17)
God … in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, 2 has in these last days spoken to us by His Son… (Heb. 1:1-2)
But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come… (2 Tim. 3:1) Knowing this first: that scoffers will come in the last days… (2 Pet. 3:3)
Your gold and silver are corroded, and their corrosion will be a witness against you and will eat your flesh like fire. You have heaped up treasure in the last days. (Jas. 5:3)
Joel prophesied of a great outpouring of the Spirit on all nations. When will the fullness of this take place? Joel tells us it will happen “afterwards” (Joel 2:28). Of course the question is: after what? It is after something specific. Some see the afterwards of v. 28 as a reference to the second coming. This is not possible because Joel makes clear in v. 31 that the prophetic spirit and signs in the heavens occur before the Day of the Lord or the second coming of Jesus.
And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy … 29 I will pour out My Spirit in those days. 30 I will show wonders in the heavens … 31 the sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the LORD. 32 Whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved. For in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance … 3:1 For behold, in those days and at that time, when I bring back the captives of Judah and Jerusalem, 2 I will also gather all nations … I will enter into judgment with them there… (Joel 2:28-3:2)
In studying the options for what afterwards refers to, it is best to understand it in the context of Joel’s call to fasting and prayer (Joel 2:12-17). In other words, after the times of corporate wholeheartedness, God will pour out His Spirit. It is as though Joel was saying, “When you cry out to the Lord with fasting and prayer, afterwards He will bless you by releasing His Spirit.”
Some commentators link the word afterwards to the passage just prior (Joel 2:21-27), when Joel prophesied of the agricultural blessings and the defeat of northern enemy (Joel 2:20) that God promised Israel in the Millennium. It will be a time in which Israel is never put to shame again (Joel 2:26-27). This will only happen after Jesus returns. However, Joel said in v. 31 that the prophetic spirit with signs in the sky would occur before Jesus returns and the Millennium starts.
Another timing indicator is given when Joel twice used the phrase “in those days” (Joel 2:29; 3:1). This phrase ties together the events prophesied in Joel 2:28-32 into the same time frame as the events prophesied in Joel 3:1-21. The repeated use of this phrase makes clear that the themes in Joel 2 and Joel 3 go together and should not be separated. In other words, there should be no chapter division. Joel spoke of the outpouring as being at the time when Israel is surrounded by the Antichrist’s armies and then is delivered from them. I will develop this in the next chapter.
Since Joel 2 and Joel 3, in the ultimate fulfillment of the prophecy, are in the same time frame, we know that the outpouring of the Spirit will happen in the same time period as when the Lord gathers the captives of Israel from all nations to bring them back to Jerusalem. It will also be in the same time frame in which the Lord assembles all nations to come against Jerusalem so that He might destroy them. In other words, these events occur in the generation the Lord returns.
Our Inheritance in the Prophetic Anointing: All Will Prophesy
I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. (Joel 2:28)
For you can all prophesy one by one, that all may learn and all may be encouraged. (1 Cor. 14:31)
At the time in which Joel spoke this prophecy, his ideas were new and strange to Old Testament Israel. The anointing of the Spirit had been given to just a few people in the Old Testament era, usually older Jewish men who were kings, judges, or prophets. However, Joel prophesied that the Spirit would be poured out on all flesh—Jew and Gentile, men and women, young and old. In other words, every believer on the planet will experience the anointing of the Spirit. Paul quoted Joel 2:32 and then applied it universally to all believers (Rom. 10:12-13).
There is no distinction between Jew and Greek, for the same Lord … is rich to all who call on Him. 13 For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” (Rom. 10:12-13)
The only qualifier that Joel made to this all-inclusive promise to “all flesh,” is the phrase, “My servants” (Joel 2:29). Thus, the “all flesh” are those who are servants of God. “My servants” does not speak of those who casually profess their faith, but to those who genuinely serve God.
On My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit… (Joel 2:29)
The Spirit of Prophecy
Worship God! For the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. (Rev. 19:10)
We must not separate Joel’s prophecy of the outpouring of the Spirit of prophecy from its primary context in the end times when the great ingathering of souls occurs and the deception of the Antichrist abounds. Some do not value the prophetic ministry. They see it as optional, thus, they write it off as not for them. How can a true believer not be into the prophetic? If we are into the end-time harvest, if we love people and want to bring courage to the fearful, then we need prophetic input from the Spirit. Getting ready for the good and the bad events in the end times requires that we learn how to function in the prophetic anointing.
The prophecy in Joel 2:28-32 gives us great confidence for a global outpouring of the Spirit. This outpouring will be an issue of life and death in context to the pressures of the Great Tribulation. We will need to operate with a prophetic spirit in precise ways. This is the inheritance of the entire end-time Church. We must contend for and earnestly seek it with sustained prayer with fasting. Paul exhorts us to seek the greater gifts, especially to prophesy (1 Cor. 12:31; 14:1).
But earnestly desire the best gifts. And yet I show you a more excellent way. (1 Cor. 12:31) Pursue love, and desire spiritual gifts, but especially that you may prophesy. (1 Cor. 14:1) We seek to prophesy because the prophetic spirit is the key that opens us up to the other gifts of the Spirit. When we receive prophetic impressions from the Spirit, the other gifts flow forth.
The promise that we will prophesy encompasses all that is involved in operating in the power and revelation of the Spirit. Prophecy reveals the testimony of what is in Jesus’ heart and mind (Rev. 19:10). It involves receiving dreams, visions, and angelic visitations that impart the skill to understand end-time prophecy. Daniel received this type of anointing.
O Daniel, I [Gabriel] have now come forth to give you skill to understand. 23 … I have come to tell you … therefore consider the matter, and understand the vision. (Dan. 9:22-23)
We will operate in the spirit of Elijah as John the Baptist did, who spoke God’s word with power and authority to turn the hearts of people to God. Micah testified of experiencing prophetic power to preach God’s word.
He [John the Baptist] will turn many of the children of Israel to the Lord their God. 17 He will go before Him in the spirit and power of Elijah, “to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children,” and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just, to make ready a people prepared for the Lord. (Lk. 1:15-17)
But truly I am full of power by the Spirit of the LORD, and of justice and might, to declare to Jacob his transgression and to Israel his sin. (Mic. 3:8)
The Scripture is our anchor and light in darkness. In the end times many will be deceived by false signs and wonders. God will give us prophetic dreams and visions that we may help our friends and family to discern deception that will be fueled by false signs and wonders.
For false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. (Mt. 24:24)
Jesus said to them: “Take heed that no one deceives you. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will deceive many.” (Mt. 24:4-5)
Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many. (Mt. 24:11)
The miracles released in the context of the prophetic anointing will be essential in winning deceived people to the Lord.
Philip went to Samaria and preached Christ to them. 6 And the multitudes with one accord heeded the things spoken by Philip, hearing and seeing the miracles which he did. 7 For unclean spirits, crying with a loud voice, came out of many who were possessed; and many who were paralyzed and lame were healed. 8 There was great joy in that city. (Acts 8:5-8)
The prophetic anointing will be essential for survival. Some of these dreams and visions will be a source of direction when life and death decisions need to be made in the Great Tribulation. Jeremiah spoke of God giving prophetic direction so that His people would find water for survival and walk in a straight way instead of walking into calamity, or the deceptions of the Antichrist.
They shall come with weeping, and with supplications I will lead them. I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters, in a straight way in which they shall not stumble… (Jer. 31:9)
The Prophetic Ministry: Cosmic Signs in the End Times
I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth: blood and fire and pillars of smoke. 31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the LORD. (Joel 2:30-31)
The earth quakes before them, the heavens tremble; the sun and moon grow dark, and the stars diminish their brightness. (Joel 2:10)
The sun and moon will grow dark, and the stars will diminish their brightness. (Joel 3:15)
In describing the outpouring of the Spirit in the end times, Joel gave three prophecies to Israel that the sun, moon, and stars would be dramatically altered as supernatural proof that the Messiah was in their midst (Joel 2:10, 30-31; 3:15). Joel also prophesied that there would be signs on the earth.
God will show “wonders in the earth,” which will include manifestations of blood, fire, and pillars of smoke, as well as great healings like Jesus did. Blood is listed as one of the major signs because blood will flow in unprecedented amounts. Blood is seen in the first three trumpets and the second and third bowl judgments (Rev. 8:7-10; 16:3-4). The two witnesses will have authority to turn water into blood. Entire rivers will be turned to blood like in the days of Moses. The blood of nations will flow because they shed the blood of the martyrs.
You are righteous, O Lord … because You have judged these things. 6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. (Rev. 16:5-6)
Jesus said there would be great earthquakes and many fearful signs that would cause the nations to be perplexed and fearful as the powers of the sky are shaken.
There will be signs in the sun, in the moon, and in the stars; and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity, the sea and the waves roaring; 26 men’s hearts failing them from fear and the expectation of things … for the powers of heaven will be shaken. (Lk. 21:25-26)
There will be great earthquakes in various places, and famines and pestilences; and there will be fearful sights and great signs from heaven. (Lk. 21:11)
God has planned the most dramatic display of prophetic signs in His commitment to help the end-time Church. These signs will be given at strategic times to signify significant messages to those who interpret them rightly. Prophetic signs will cause people to understand that they are living in the end times. These marvels will warn unbelievers to no longer refuse God’s Word.
Joel connected these signs with prophetic dreams and visions and the pouring out of the Spirit. How astounding it will be when the whole world is watching as God’s prophets proclaim a dream or vision ahead of time giving exact details of when and where a comet or an earthquake will occur. The signs in the heavens and on earth will not just appear in a vacuum, but at the precise timing that God determines as His servants declare them ahead of time.
The sun and moon will be affected by God’s power in response to the intercession of the Church and through prophetic decrees as in the days of Elijah. The miracles that Moses did had a great impact on Egypt and Israel. The river turned to blood at the moment he commanded it to. Such signs confirmed Moses’ prophetic messages. The signs and wonders in the heavens and on earth will also be used to bring in a great ingathering of souls.
Some interpret the promise of signs in Joel 2:30-31 as being purely symbolic. In doing this, they see Joel’s prophecy as being symbolically fulfilled in the past events of history. Regarding the phrase “the heavens tremble,” some say that the heavens did not actually tremble because it is only meant to be understood as prophetic poetry. These cosmic signs are not to be dismissed as symbolic poetry. The biblical approach to these cosmic signs is to take them literally.
Israel Asks For Prophetic Signs
Joel gave three prophecies that God would give Israel signs in the sun, moon, and stars to confirm that the Messiah was among them (Joel 2:10, 30-31; 3:15). They expected the Messiah to demonstrate His power with God by having power over the sun, moon, and stars! Therefore, the Pharisees asked Jesus for a heavenly sign as proof of His messiahship.
The Pharisees … testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven. (Mt. 16:1) They reasoned that if Jesus was from God, He should prove it with signs. They wanted more proof than seeing Him heal the sick; they wanted signs in the sky that could not be explained away. Even today in Israel, some who look for the Messiah expect Him to fulfill Joel’s prophecies in demonstrating His power over the sun, moon, and stars. Jews expect God to reveal Himself to them in signs. Many of them will get saved as the Church releases prophetic signs. For Jews request a sign, and Greeks seek after [philosophical] wisdom… (1 Cor. 1:22)
End-Time Deliverance and the Harvest
It shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, as the LORD has said, among the remnant whom the LORD calls. (Joel 2:32)
So all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, And He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob…” (Rom. 11:26)
Joel prophesied that whoever calls upon Jesus’ name in the end times will be saved. Being saved has several distinct dimensions to it in the Scripture.
First, we are saved in the initial sense of receiving forgiveness and being born again.
Second, we are saved, delivered, or protected, from physical death in the context of end-time disasters. Psalm 91 promises us physical protection in the end times.
Surely He shall deliver you from … perilous pestilence. 5 You shall not be afraid of the terror by night, nor of the arrow that flies by day, 6 nor of the pestilence that walks in darkness, nor of the destruction that lays waste at noonday. 7 A thousand may fall at your side, and ten thousand at your right hand; but it shall not come near you. 9 Because you have made … the Most High your dwelling place, 10 no evil shall befall you, nor shall any plague come near your dwelling… (Ps. 91:3-10)
Third, we are saved in the sense that God will provide the things necessary for life such as food and water. Israel experienced provision and protection in Goshen (Ex. 8:22-23; 9:4, 6, 26).
Fourth, we are saved as we walk in God’s saving power that we might enter into our full destiny. In other words, we are delivered from spiritual barrenness and powerlessness.
Fifth, we are saved or protected from deception and from falling away from our faith.
Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times some will depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spirits and doctrines of demons … 2 having their conscience seared… (1 Tim. 4:1-2)
The Deliverance of the Remnant of Israel
For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, as the LORD has said, among the remnant whom the LORD calls. (Joel 2:32)
A remnant of Jewish survivors will live through all the difficulties in the end times. Though many in Jerusalem will be destroyed, there will be a remnant that God spares physically and then saves in the spiritual sense (Rom. 11:26).
Jerusalem will be one of the most violent cities on earth, being surrounded by hostile armies. Yet in this most dangerous place, there will be those who enjoy God’s protection and deliverance. Joel prophesies that the remnant of Israel living in Jerusalem in the end times will be delivered.
This promise will be very important to some unbelieving Jews in Jerusalem. The Church will prophesy this passage to them. We will declare, “God has promised supernatural deliverance to those who call upon His name. His name is Yeshua! He is Jesus! He is your salvation!” Some of them will respond by calling on the name of Jesus and they will be delivered and saved.
This prophecy also comforts believers who live outside of Jerusalem. The logic is that if God’s protection works in the center of the hostility, how much more will it work in other places?
Cosmic Signs in the End-Times
In Israel’s salvation history, God often gave them signs to verify a prophet’s word. They do not have the paradigm of a true prophet who does not show signs and wonders. They want earthly signs like healings and they want heavenly signs in the atmosphere above. The God of Abraham, Isaac, David, Moses, and Elijah does miracles when His prophets speak!
Haggai prophesied that God would shake heaven (sky), earth, sea, dry land, and all nations.
“I will shake heaven and earth, the sea and dry land; 7 and I will shake all nations, and they shall come to the Desire of all nations, and I will fill this temple with glory,” says the LORD of hosts … 22 “I will shake heaven and earth. 22 I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms; I will destroy the strength of the Gentile kingdoms.” (Hag. 2:6-7, 21-22)
Jesus prophesied that there would be cosmic signs in the end times.
“There will be great earthquakes in various places, and famines and pestilences; and there will be fearful sights and great signs from heaven.” (Lk. 21:11)
“There will be signs in the sun, in the moon, and in the stars; and on the earth distress of nations, with perplexity, the sea and the waves roaring; 26 men’s hearts failing them from fear and the expectation of those things which are coming on the earth, for the powers of heaven will be shaken.” (Lk. 21:25-26)
“Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken.” (Mt. 24:29-30)
There are cosmic signs in the book of Revelation.
The sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became like blood. 13 And the stars of heaven fell to the earth, as a fig tree drops its late figs… (Rev. 6:12-13)
The first angel sounded: hail and fire followed, mingled with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. And a third of the trees were burned up … 8 The second angel sounded: And something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea … 10 Then the third angel sounded: And a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers … 12 Then the fourth angel sounded: And a third of the sun was struck, a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of them were darkened. A third of the day did not shine, and likewise the night. (Rev. 8:7-12)
There are cosmic signs in the book of Isaiah.
For the stars of heaven and their constellations will not give their light; the sun will be darkened in its going forth, and the moon will not cause its light to shine. (Isa. 13:10)
Wonders in the heavens (Joel 2:30) will be seen as the heavens tremble (Joel 2:10) and shake (Joel 3:15; Isa. 13:10; 24:23: 60:1; Ezek. 32:7-8).
Sun – will turn to darkness (Joel 2:31); it will grow dark (Joel 3:15); one third of the sun, moon, and stars will be darkened (Rev. 8:12); the sun will go down at noon as the earth is darkened (Amos 8:9); there will be deep darkness on the earth (Isa. 60:1).
Moon – will be turned into blood (Joel 2:31; 3:15) and will grow dark (Joel 2:10; 3:15).
Stars – will diminish their brightness (Joel 2:10; 3:15) and not give light (Isa. 13:10) and will fall to the earth (Rev. 6:13; Mt. 24:29).
Sky – will have strange weather patterns (Lk. 21:11) and scorching heat (Rev. 16:8: 7:16) with hail (Rev. 8:7; 11:19; 16:21) and lightning and thunder (Mt. 24:27; Rev. 8:5; 16:18).
Wonders in the Earth: Blood, Fire, Smoke, Earthquakes
Blood – (Joel 2:30) includes the blood of the martyrs (Rev. 6:10; 17:6; 18:24; 19:2); blood in the sea and rivers (Rev. 8:7-9) with the power to turn the waters to blood (Rev. 11:6) as blood flows in the nations (Rev. 14:20; 19:13; Isa. 63:3).
Then the second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man; and every living creature in the sea died. 4 Then the third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. (Rev. 16:3-4)
Fire – (Joel 2:30) will be thrown to earth from heaven (Rev. 8:5) as it burns 1/3 of the trees (Rev. 8:7); a great star like burning fire will fall from heaven (Rev. 8:10); fire will kill multitudes (Rev. 9:18); the two witnesses will have power to call fire on their enemies (Rev. 11:5-6); the False Prophet will also call fire come from heaven (Rev. 13:13), power to scorch men with fire from the sun (Rev. 16:8:7:16). God’s judgment fires will destroy cities as it destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah. Fire will descend from heaven by the command of the two witnesses.
If anyone wants to harm them [two witnesses], fire proceeds from their mouth and devours their enemies. If anyone wants to harm them, he must be killed in this manner. (Rev. 11:5) He [False Prophet] performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men. (Rev. 13:13)
Pillars of smoke – (Joel 2:30) the sun and air will be darkened by the smoke of the bottomless pit as it is opened (Rev. 9:2); smoke will kill many people (Rev. 9:18); smoke will be seen by many as Babylon burns (Rev. 18:9, 18). Smoke from cities that are destroyed by fire from terrorism, military conflict, the False Prophet, and God’s judgment will fill the skies.
There are several categories of fire and smoke. When the saints gather in prayer, God’s fire will fall as it did in the early church (Acts 2:1-4). The Lord will release the smoke of His glory. The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God and from His power, and no one was able to enter the temple till the seven plagues of the seven angels were completed. (Rev. 15:8)
Then the LORD will create above every dwelling place of Mount Zion, and above her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day and the shining of a flaming fire by night. (Isa. 4:5)
Earthquakes – (Lk. 21:11; Mt. 24:7; Mk. 13:8; Rev. 6:12; 11:19; 16:18; Isa. 29:6); a great earthquake will occur in Israel (Ezek. 38:19; Zech. 14:5; Joel 2:10; 3:15)
False signs/wonders – Rev. 13:13; 16:14; 18:23; 19:20; Mt. 24:24; 2 Thes. 2:8-9
True signs/wonders – Acts 2:17-21; Mk. 16:7; Jn. 14:12; Rev. 11:3-6
End-time prophets – Acts 2:17-21; Eph. 4:11-13; Rev. 11:10, 18; 16:6; 18:20, 24